The extraordinary town is one of the most unique inhabited centers in the world, with good reason today it has become a Unesco world heritage site thanks mainly to the presence of its picturesque trulli (there are more than 1000). The trullo is a characteristic house of peasants or artisans, built with dry stone walls, without mortar, on which a cone-shaped dome rises, closed by a pinnacle and covered, always dry, by concentric and sloping rows of slabs smooth of gray local stone, called chiancarelle. The itinerary through which to discover the most suggestive alleys and corners of the capital of the Trulli, as well as its monuments and museums, starts from the Belvedere Terrace. Here the visitor, enjoying a splendid view of the historic center, dominated by cone roofs embellished with mysterious symbols drawn with lime, will immediately feel that he is in a city that is unique in the world. The route continues with a visit to the historic center of the Aia Piccola district, consisting of about 400 trulli, for the most part still used as homes. In the Aia Piccola, we also find the Museum of Crafts of Old and New Professions, where you can admire tools and instruments of the artisan culture of our land and the Oil Museum. Continuing in the historic center you then reach the House of Love, a monument declared a World Heritage Site, which is the first house built with the use of mortar and without the classic trullo shape. From here it is also easy to reach the Minor Basilica dedicated to Saints Cosma and Damiano, patrons of the city, among the most venerated saints in Puglia. Behind the church, there is the Trullo Sovrano, which represents the most advanced example of a trullo on two floors, in which, among hearths, kitchen tools and looms, you can still breathe the atmosphere of the past. Of particular importance in the historic center is also the Monti district, which has more than 1000 trulli arranged in seven different streets of incomparable beauty. Among these to mention are the Siamese Trulli, particular for their double shape. Here the visitor will be attracted by the skill of the numerous artisans who enliven the neighborhood with their shops until late in the evening.
Undoubtedly worth visiting is the Church of Sant’Antonio located on the top of the Monti district, characterized by a particular trullo shape that makes it unique in the world.